Apprenticeship Training Scheme ( Under Apprenticeship Act 1961 )


Industrial development is one of the prime needs for our Country. Great Stress has been laid on this factor in the various development plans of the country. The development and sustenance of industry needs trained personnel to perform the multifarious functions necessary for it. Acute shortage of manpower in the skilled categories is felt in many Industries. It has been realized that Apprenticeship Training Scheme is one of the most important sources of supply of skilled manpower to the industry. With this objective, the Apprentices Act 1961 was enacted in the parliament on 23rd December 1961. The Act came into force from 1st March 1962 and is applicable to the whole of India.

Under the Act, it is a statutory obligation on Employers in the specified industries to engage apprentices as per ratio prescribed in the designated trades.

Apprenticeship Act was implemented in order to improve the level of training in industrial field Apprenticeship Act 1961 & 1986. After preparing rules in 1962, Scheme was implemented from January, 1963. Director, Vocational Education & Training is appointed as State Apprenticeship Advisor to look into the matter of scheme in the State. 6 Regional heads have been declared as Deputy Apprenticeship Advisor (Sr.). They look into the matter of the scheme for Government / Private establishments. Varopis Committees are formed to solve problem as well as to offer guidance on Private & Semi-Government level in order to implement scheme more effectively.

The State Council for Vocational Training is a counterpart of NCVT at State level and it plays the same role, that is played by NCVT at National level. The SCVT is Chaired by the Secretary for Higher and Technical Education.


  • To regulate the programme of training of apprentices in industry so as to conform to the prescribed syllabi, period of training etc. prescribed by the Central Apprenticeship Council.
  • To utilize fully the facilities available in industry for imparting practical training with a view to meeting the requirements of skilled workers.
  • To make it obligatory on the part of employers, both in public-and private-sector industries, to engage apprentices according to the ratio of apprentices to workers ( other than unskilled) in designated trades, Prescribed under the rules.
The training places are located through intensive surveys conducted in establishments. The objective being to locate the maximum facilities for apprenticeship training.

Apprentices Act & Amendments


S.No Particulars Details of Feb 2018
1 BTRI Center in Maharashtra (Govt.) 44
2 BTRI Center in Maharashtra (Pvt.) 163


Progress Report Regarding Implementation Of Apprentices Act 1961

The position with regard to the Apprenticeship Training Scheme according to the latest available statistics as on Dt.28/02/2018 is indicated below :

S.No Particulars Count
1 Total Numbers Apprentice registered on ATS Portal 202776
2 Total Numbers Establishment registered on ATS Portal 6632


261 trades in various 39 groups relating to both Engineering & Non-Engineering Industries, have so far been designated under the Apprentices Act 1961.

Every syllabus is designed by Central Government. After completion of Apprenticeship, Final Examination is conducted by National Council for Vocational Training, New Delhi ( NCVT) & Final Certificate is issued to successful candidates.

Qualification For Admission

A person, male or female, is qualified for being engaged as an apprentice if he / she is not less than 14 year of age & satisfies the prescribed standards of Education and Physical Fitness.

Age 14 years completed Weight 15.4 Kg
Height 137 c. m. Vision Good
The minimum educational qualification is different for different trades. For some trades, educational qualification is SSC passed or equivalent, whereas for some it is two classes below SSC. There is provision of Apprenticeship Training for ex-ITI students.


Apprentices can be engaged any time in year. But apprentice will be eligible to appear for coming NCVT Exam after completion of training period. Also NCVT Exam will be conducted twice in year.

Mode Of Recruitment

The Employer having its own Basic Training facilities can engage fresher Apprentices and employer not having Basic Training facilities have to engage ex- ITI trainees for Apprenticeship.

Employer has his own choice to engage candidates for Apprenticeship Training. For the engage of Apprentices, the employer can advertise the posts in the local news paper or render all possible assistance from the bonafied agencies for the engagement of Apprentices. Department is engaging Bharati Melawas in concerned session to engage apprentices in all over Maharashtra.

Duration Of Training

For most of the trades, the duration of Apprenticeship Training including Basic Training is of 3 Years and other trades, the duration varies from 6 months to 4 years.

Training Programme

Training Programme for Trade Apprentices in each designated trade is comprised of:

Basic Training

It is imparted to a learner for acquiring a reasonable ability to handle Instruments/Machineries/Equipments independently prior to being moved to Shop Floor/Work Area for furthering trade skills. Basic Training is imparted either in a recognized Industrial Training Institute or in a separate building set up by an employer. It is obligatory to set up Basic Training Centre for the establishment employing 250 or more workers and have to engage fresher apprentices.

On the Job or Shop Floor Training ( Inplant Training )

The shop floor training is to be given to the apprentices by the employer in the workshop.

Related Instructions

The trade apprentice who is undergoing apprenticeship training, in an establishment,during the period of training, shall be given a course of Related Instruction appropriate to the trade, which shall be approved by the State Government. Related Training includes Trade Theory,Workshop Calculation and Engineering Drawing. Such knowledge is required to be given to the Apprentices to become fully qualified as a skilled craftsman. Related Instruction shall be imparted at the cost of the appropriate Government but the employer shall, when so required, afford all facilities for imparting such instructions.

There are 207 Basic Training & Related Instruction Centers in the State. Out of them, 44 centers are run by Government & 163 centers are run by Private institutes. Central Government has published Notification and designated 259 trades in various 39 groups which are useful to Industrial Establishments. The certificate courses (123) recognized by Maharashtra State Board of Vocational Education are included under Apprenticeship Training Scheme vide Central Government notification Dt. 07/09/2017.

Rates of Stipend

Apprentices are given stipend which is sanctioned by Central Government.

As per Notification G.S.R. 680(E) Dt. 22nd September 2014,Revised Rates of Stipend are as follows :

S.No Period Rates Of Stipend
1 During the First Year of Training Seventy percent of minimum wage of semi skilled workers notified by the respective State or Union territory.
2 During the Second Year of Training Eighty percent of minimum wage of semi skilled workers notified by the respective State or Union territory.
3 During the Third & Fourth Year of Training Ninety percent of minimum wage of semi skilled workers notified by the respective State or Union territory.

Final Trade Test

Every apprentice who has completed the prescribed period of apprenticeship training and has put in minimum required attendance shall appear for an All India Trade Test which is conducted under the aegis of the National Council for Vocational Training. These tests are held twice a year.

Engagement of Apprentices

Apprentices can be engaged any time in year. But apprentice will be eligible to appear for coming NCVT Exam after completion of training period. Also NCVT Exam will be conducted twice in year.

Offer and Acceptance of Employment

It shall not be obligatory on the part of the employer to offer an employment to an apprentice nor shall it be obligatory on the part of the apprentice to accept an employment under the employer on successful completion of training, unless it is specifically provided in the contract of Apprenticeship.

Contract of Apprenticeship

Every person regarded as an apprentice or if he is a minor his guardian shall have to execute a contract of apprenticeship with the employer in the prescribed form, which will be registered with the Apprenticeship Advisor. The Apprenticeship Training will be imparted in pursuance of this contract. The apprentices and the employer shall carry out their obligation under this contract.

Obligations of the three parties involved in the contract


  • To bear the cost on Related Instructions to be imparted to apprentices.
  • To provide Basic Training to apprentices engaged by employer employing less than 250 workers other than unskilled workers.
  • To inspect the progress of training of apprentices.
  • To conduct final examination and issue certificates on behalf of NCVT.
  • To register the contracts of apprenticeship executed between apprentices/guardian and employer and to look into complaints, if any, between them.


  • To engage apprentices as per prescribed ratio.
  • To provide Shop Floor Training and Related Instruction to apprentices with his trade.
  • To submit periodical reports and returns to the Government.
  • To meet his share of expenditure in imparting training including payment of stipend to apprentices.
  • To look after the health, safety and welfare of apprentices.


  • To learn his trade conscientiously and diligently.
  • To attend the practical and Related Instruction classes regularly.
  • To carry out his obligations under the contract of Apprenticeship, to be executed by him at the time of admission.
  • To follow the rules and regulations of the establishments.

Offences and Penalties

Where the contract of Apprenticeship is terminated due to failure on the part of an employer in carrying out the terms and conditions of contract, he shall be liable to pay to the apprentice compensation of an amount equivalent to his three months last drawn stipend.

Requirements to Start Own Basic Training Center

  • Details of Teachers & Instructors appointed for Basic Training
  • Map of allotted space for Basic Training
  • List of Equipments & Tools for Basic Training
  • Details of Training Programme
  • Facilities to apprentices viz. Medical Services, Library, Urinal Services
  • Facility of Establishment’s workshop to meet all requirements of training
  • Measures for Safety of Apprentices
  • Copy of Latest Notification issued to the establishment by concerned Basic Training and Related Instruction Center
  • Copy of latest Survey/Resurvey report of establishment
Application Form To Establish Own Basic Training Center

Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship

Government of India has notified National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme on 19th August, 2016 with an objective to promote apprenticeship training and to increase the engagement of apprentices from present 2.3 lakh to 50 lakh cumulatively by 2020. The implementation period of scheme is 2016-19 and has an outlay of Rs.10,000 Crore.